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Belarus a republic of the former USSR,declared itself independent in 1991.It borders POLAND to the west,UKRAINE to the south,LATVIA and LITHUANIA to the north,and the RUSSIAN FEDERATION to the east. The country consists mainly of a low-lying plain,and forests cover approximately one third of the country. The climate is continental with long severe winters and short warm summers. Although the economy is overwhelmingly based on industry, including oil refining, food processing, woodworking, chemicals, textiles and machinery, output has gradually declined since 1991 and problems persist in the supply of raw materials from other republics that previously formed parts of the USSR. Agriculture,although seriously affected by contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear accident of 1986,accounts for approximately 20% of employment,the main crops being flax,potatoes and hemp. The main livestock raised are cattle and pigs. Extensive forest areas also contribute in the supply of raw materials for woodwork and paper-making.Peat is the fuel used to provide power for industry and the country’s power plants. Belarus has a good transport system of road,rail,navigable,rivers and canals.


Belarus Tour: Belarus – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 28 00 Area: 207,600 sq km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Climate: cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime

Population: 9,648,533

Ethnic groups: Belarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1%

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20%

Languages: Belarusian, Russian, other

Capital city: Minsk

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 July (1944); note – 3 July 1944 was the date Minsk was liberated from German troops, 25 August 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Internet country code: .by

International Country Calling Code: 375

Currency: euro (EUR)

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