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Bosnia & Herzegovina

Bosnia & Herzegovina, a republic of former YUGOSLAVIA,was formally recognized as an independent state in March 1992.It is a very mountainous country and includes part of the Dinaric Alps,which are densely forested and deeply cut by rivers flowing northwards to join the Sava river.Half the country is forested,and timber is an important product of the northern areas.One quarter of the land is cultivated,and corn,wheat and flax are the principal products of the north.In the south,tobacco,cotton,fruits and grapes are the main products.Bosnia & Herzegovina has large deposits of lignite,iron ore and bauxite,and its metallurgical plants create air pollution.Water is also polluted around these with a shortage of drinking water,the Sava river being severely affected.Despite the natural resources the economy has been devastated by civil war which began in 1991 following the secession of CROATIA and SLOVENIA from the former Yugoslavia.Dispute over control of Bosnia and Herzegovina continued,leading to UN intervention in an attempt to devise a territorial plan acceptable to all factions.A peace agreement signed in late 1995 has resulted in the division of the country into two self-governing provinces.The population of the state was significantly diminished when refugees from the civil war fled between 1992 and 1993.The economy is at a standstill and most inhabitants are dependent on UN aid.


Bosna & Herzegovina Tour: Bosna & Herzegovina – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 18 00
Area: 51,209.2 sq km

Coastline: 20 km

Climate: hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Population: 4,613,414

Ethnic groups: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6%

Religions: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%

Languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Capital city: Sarajevo

National holiday: National Day, 25 November (1943)

Internet country code: .ba

International Country Calling Code: 387

Currency: euro (EUR)

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