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Croatia Tour

Croatia (Hrvatska), a republic of former YUGOSLAVIA, made a unilateral declaration of independence on 25 June, 1991. Sovereignty was not formally recognized by the international community until early in 1992. Located in south-east Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Adriatic Sea, to the north by SLOVENIA and ROMANIA,and to the south by BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA. Western Croatia lies in the Dinaric Alps. The eastern region, drained by the river Sava and Drava which both flow into the Danube, is low-lying and agricultural. The chief farming region is the Pannonian Plain. Over one third of the country is forested with beech and oak trees being predominant, and wood is a major export. Deposits of coal, bauxite, copper, petroleum, oil and iron ore are substantial, and most of the republic’s industry is based on their processing. Is Istria in the north-west and on the Dalmatian coast tourism was a major industry until the Croatia became embroiled in the Serbian-Croat war prior to its secession in 1992. Following the formal recognition of Croatia’s independence by the international community, the fighting abruptly ceased; however, the tourism industry continued to suffer from the effects of the ongoing hostilities in other parts of the former YUGOSLAVIA. More recently, tourists are returning although there is a need to rebuild the infrastructure.


Croatia Tour: Croatia – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30
Area: 56,542 sq km

Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Population: 4,489,409

Ethnic groups: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosnian, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)

Religions: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2%

Languages: Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)

Capital city: Zagreb

National holiday: Independence Day, 8 October (1991)

Internet country code: .hr

International Country Calling Code: 385

Currency: Croatian Kuna (HRK)

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