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Finland Tour

Finland lies at the eastern limit of western Europe with the RUSSIAN FEDERATION to the east and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Most of the country is low lying except for the north which rises to over 1000m (3281 ft) in Lapland. Almost three-quarters of the country is forested comprising mainly coniferous trees such as spruce and pine and many thousands of lakes. The climate has great extremes between summer and winter. Winter is very severe and lasts about six months but only for three months in the south. Summers are short but quite warm with light rain throughout the country. Finland is largely self-sufficient in food and produces great surpluses of dairy produce. Most crops are grown in the south-west. In the north reindeer are herded and forests yield great quantities of timber for export. Just under 20% of the country’s electricity was supplied by its hydroelectric power stations in the early 1990’s. Major industries are timber products, wood pulp and paper, machinery and shipbuilding, which has developed due to the country’s great need for an efficient fleet of ice breakers. Finland has an efficient transport system utilizing canals, road, rail and air services.

Finland photo

Finland Tour: Finland – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 64 00 N, 26 00
Area: 338,145 sq k

Coastline: 1,250 km

Climate: cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

Population: 5,250,275

Ethnic groups: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1%

Religions: Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1%

Languages: Finnish 91.2% (official), Swedish 5.5% (official), other 3.3% (small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities)

Capital city: Helsinki

National holiday: Independence Day, 6 December (1917)

Internet country code: .fi

International Country Calling Code: 358

Currency: euro (EUR)

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