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Germany Tour – Welcome to Germany

Germany is a large populous country in northern central Europe which comprises the former East and West German republics, reunified in 1990. In the north is the North German Plain which merges with the North Rhinelands in the west. Further south, a plateau which stretches across the country from east to west, is divided by the river Rhine. In the south-west the Black Forest seperates the Rhine Valley from the fertile valleys and scarplands of Swabia. The Bohemian Uplands and Erz Mountains mark the border with the Czech Republic. Generally the country has warm summers and cold winters. Agricultural products include wheat, rye, barley, oats, potatoes and sugar beet. The main industrial and most densely populated areas are in the Rhur valley. Principal manufacturing industries are chemical products, vehicles, electrical and non-electrical machinery, food products, metals and metal products. Chemical and textile industries are found in the cities along the Rhine and the motor vehicle industry in the large provincial cities. The country depends heavily on imports.

Geographic coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E

Area: 357,021 sq km

Coastline: 2,389 km

Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind

Population: 82,422,299

Ethnic groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish) 

Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Languages: German

Capital city: Berlin

National holiday: Unity Day, 3 October

Internet country code: .de

International Country Calling Code: 49

Currency: euro (EUR)

web sites: Official German portal –

Germany photoPhoto , – by PeterDargatz