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Iceland Tour

Iceland is a large island situated in a tectonically unstable part of the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle. The island has over 100 volcanoes,at least one of which erupts every five years. One ninth of the country is covered with ice and snowfields and there are about 700 hot springs which are an important source of central heating, particularly in the volcanic areas. In the capital city, the majority of homes and industries are heated by this method. The climate is cool temperate but because of the effect of the North Atlantic Drift it is mild for its latitude. The south-west corner is the most densely populated area as the coast here is generally free from ice. Less than 1% of the land is cultivated mostly for fodder and root crops to feed sheep and cattle, with about 5% of the workforce thus engaged. The island’s economy is based on its sea fishing industry which accounts for 70% of exports. Wool sweaters and sheepskin coats are also exported. The use of hydroelectric power is being developed for industrial use.

Iceland photo

Iceland Tour: Iceland – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 65 00 N, 18 00
Area: 103,000 sq km

Coastline: 4,970 km

Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers

Population: 306,694

Ethnic groups: homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%

Religions: Lutheran Church of Iceland 80.7%, Roman Catholic Church 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2%

Languages: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Capital city: Reykjavik

National holiday: Independence Day, 17 June (1944)

Internet country code: .is

International Country Calling Code: 354

Currency: Icelandic krona (ISK))

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