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Italy Tour

Italy is a republic in southern Europe, which comprises a large peninsula and the two main islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The Alps form a natural boundary with its northern and western European neighbors, and the Adriatic Sea to the east separates it from the countries of former Yugoslavia. The Apennine Mountains form the backbone of Italy and extend the full length of the peninsula. Between the Alps and the Apennines lies the Po valley, a great fertile lowland. Sicily and Sardinia are largely mountainous. Much of Italy is geologically unstable and it has four active volcanoes, including Etna, Vesuvius and Stromboli. Italy enjoys warm dry summers and mild winters. In the south farms are small and traditional. Industries in the north include motor vehicles, textiles, clothing, leather goods, glass and ceramics. Although there is a lack of natural resources, almost 60% of the land is under crops and pasture and there is an abundance of building stone, particularly marble. The coastal waters are rich in marine life, with anchovy, sardine and tuna being of commercial importance. Tourism is an important source of foreign currency.

Italy photo

Italy Tour: Italy – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 42 50 N, 12 50
Area: 301,230 sq km

Coastline: 7,600 km

Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Population: 58,133,509

Ethnic groups: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Religions: Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third regularly attend services), other 10% (mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community)

Languages: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Capital city: Rome

National holiday: Republic Day, 2 June (1946)

Internet country code: .it

International Country Calling Code: 39

Currency: euro (EUR)

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