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Latvia Tour

Latvia is a Baltic state that regained its independence in 1991., with the break-up of the former Soviet Union. It is located in north-east Europe on the Baltic Sea and is sandwiched between ESTONIA and LITHUANIA. It has cool summers, wet summers and long, cold winters. Latvians traditionally lived by forestry, fishing and livestock rearing. The chief agricultural occupations are cattle and dairy farming and the main crops grown are oats, barley, rye, potatoes and flax. Latvia’s population is now over 70% urban and agriculture is no longer the mainstay of the economy. Cities such as Riga, the capital, Dvinsk, Ventspils and Liepaja now produce high quality textiles, machinery, electrical appliances, chemicals, furniture and foodstuffs. Latvia has extensive deposits of peat which is used to manufacture briquettes. It also has deposits of gypsum and in the coastal areas amber is frequently found.

Latvia Tour: Latvia – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 57 00 N, 25 00
Area: 64,589 sq km

Coastline: 498 km

Climate: maritime; wet, moderate winters

Population: 2,231,503

Ethnic groups: Latvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2%

Religions: Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7%

Languages: Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3%

Capital city: Riga

National holiday: Independence Day, 18 November (1918)

Internet country code: .lv

International Country Calling Code: 371

Currency: Lat (LVL)

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