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Moldova Tour

Moldova (Moldavia) was a Soviet socialist republic from 1940 until 1991 when it became independent of the former USSR. It is bounded to the west by ROMANIA and to the north, east and south by UKRAINE. The republic consists of a hilly plain that rises to 429 m (1408 ft) in the center. Its main rivers are the Prut in the west and the Dniester in the north and east. Moldova’s soils are fertile, and crops grown include wheat, corn, barley, tobacco, sugar beet, soybeans and sunflowers. There are also extensive fruit orchards, vineyards and walnut groves. Wildlife is abundant such as roe deer, weasels, martens and badgers. Beekeeping and silkworm breeding are widespread throughout the country. Food processing is the main industry, particularly sugar refining and wine making. Other industries include metal working, engineering and the manufacture of electrical equipment. After independence the economy declined, inflation soared and assistance was gained from the IMF and others.

Moldova photo

Moldova Tour: Moldova – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 29 00
Area: 33,843 sq km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Climate: moderate winters, warm summers

Population: 4,320,748

Ethnic groups: Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3%

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5%

Languages: Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

Capital city: Chisinau (Kishinev)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 August (1991)

Internet country code: .md

International Country Calling Code: 373

Currency: Moldovan Leu (MDL)

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