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Norway

Norway Tour

Norway occupies the western half of the Scandinavian peninsula in northern Europe, and is surrounded to the north, west and south by water. It shares most of its eastern border with SWEDEN and almost one third of the country is north of the Arctic Circle. It is a country of spectacular scenery of fjords, cliffs, rugged uplands and forested valleys. Two-thirds of the country is over 600 m (1969 ft), it has some of the deepest fjords in the world and has a huge number of glacial lakes. The climate is temperate as a result of the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Summers are mild and although the winters are long and cold, the water off the west coast remain ice-free. The country’s longest river is the Glomma. Some southern lakes are affected by acid rain which concerns the country’s environmentalists. Agriculture is chiefly concerned with dairying and fodder crops. Fishing is an important industry and the large reserves of forest, which cover just over a quarter of the country, provide timber for export. Industry is now dominated by petrochemicals based on the reserves of Norwegian oil in the North Sea. There are almost 60 airports in the country and transport by water is still of importance.

Norway Tour: Norway – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 10 00
Area: 323,802 sq km

Coastline: 25,148 km

Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast

Population: 4,660,539

Ethnic groups: Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2%

Religions: Church of Norway 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1%

Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities

Capital city: Oslo

National holiday: Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)

Internet country code: .no

International Country Calling Code: 47

Currency: Norwegian Krone (NOK)

web sites: www.norway.org, www.norway.org/travel, wikitravel.org/en/Norway

Norway