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Portugal Tour

Portugal, in the south-west corner of Europe, makes up about 15% of the Iberian peninsula and is the least developed in western Europe. The most mountainous areas of Portugal lie to the north of the river Tagus. In the north-east are the steep sided mountains of Tras-os-Montes and to south of this the Douro valley, running from the Spanish border to Oporto, on the Atlantic coast. South of the Tagus river is the Alentajo, with its wheat fields and cork plantations, which continues to the hinter-land of the Algarve with its beautiful groves of almond, fig and olive trees. Agriculture employs one quarter of the labor force, and crops include wheat, maize, grapes and tomatoes. Portugal’s most important natural resources are its minerals, largely developed after World War II, and include coal, iron ore, tin and copper. Port and Madeira wine are renowned and the country is a main exporter of olive oil. Manufacturing industry includes textiles, clothing, footwear, food processing and cork products. Tourism, particularly in the south, is the main foreign currency earner.

Portugal photo

Portugal Tour: Portugal – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00
Area: 92,391 sq km

Coastline: 1,793 km

Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

Population: 10,707,924

Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal

Religions: Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9%

Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official – but locally used)

Capital city: Lisbon

National holiday: Portugal Day (Dia de Portugal), 10 June (1580)

Internet country code: .pt

International Country Calling Code: 351

Currency: euro (EUR)

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