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Switzerland is a landlocked country in central Europe, sharing its borders with FRANCE, ITALY, AUSTRIA, LIECHTENSTEIN and GERMANY. The Alps occupy over 70% of the country’s area, forming two main east-west chains divided by the rivers Rhine and Rhone. The climate is either continental or mountain type. Summers are generaly warm and winters cold, and both are affected by altitude. Northern Switzerland is the industrial part of the country and where its most important cities are located. Basle is famous for its pharmaceuticals and Zurich for electrical engineering and machinery. Although the country has to import much of its raw materials, these have become high-value exports such as clocks, watches and other precision engineering products. It is also in this region that the famous cheeses and chocolates are produced. Hydroelectricity accounts for aproximately 60% of its power supplies with most of the remainder coming from nuclear power plants. Switzerland has huge earnings from international finance and tourism.

Switzerland Tour: Switzerland – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 8 00 Area: 41,290 sq km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Population: 7,604,467

Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%

Religions: Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1%

Languages: German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8%

Capital city: Berne

National holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)

Internet country code: .ch

International Country Calling Code: 41

Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)

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