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United Kingdom

United Kingdom (UK) Tour

United Kingdom (UK) situated in north-west Europe, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland comprises the island of Great Britain and the north-east of Ireland, plus many smaller islands, especially off the west coast of Scotland. The south and east of Britain is low-lying, and Pennies form a backbone running though northern England. Scotland has the largest area of upland, and Wales is a highland block. Northern Ireland has a few hilly areas. The climate is cool temperate with mild conditions and an even annual rainfall. The principal crops are wheat, barley, sugar beet, fodder crops and potatoes. Livestock includes cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry. Fishing is important off the east coast. The UK is primarily a highly urbanized industrial and commercial country, although the recession has left high unemployment in some areas and led to the decline of some of the older industries, such as coal, textiles and heavy engineering. A growing industry is electronics, much of it defence related. Due to the large population, around 60% of its foodstuffs is imported and also approximately 90% of timber. The UK pioneered the development of nuclear energy for electricity production and by the early 1990s about 16% was supplied by this method.

United Kingdom photo

United Kingdom Tour: United Kingdom – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 54 00 N, 2 00
Area: 244,820 sq km

Coastline: 12,429 km

Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

Population: 61,113,205

Ethnic groups: white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%

Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%

Languages: English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)

Capital city: London

National holiday: the UK does not celebrate one particular national holiday

Internet country code: .uk

International Country Calling Code: 44

Currency: British pound (GBP) / Sterling

web sites: www.fco.gov.uk, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom, www.visitbritain.com

United Kingdom