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Vatican City

Vatican City State Tour

Vatican City State lies in the heart of Rome on a low hill on the west bank of the river Tiber. It is the world’s smallest independent state and headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and was established in 1929. It is a walled city made up of the Vatican Palace, the Papal Gardens, St Peter’s Square and St Peters Basilica and has six gates. The state has its own police, newspaper, telephone and telegraph services, coinage, stamps, radio station and railway station. The radio station, ‘Radio Vaticana’, broadcasts a service in 34 languages from transmitters within the Vatican City. Its main tourist attractions are the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564). It also has outstanding museums with collections of antiquities and works by Italian masters and the Vatican Library’s collection of ancient manuscripts is priceless. The Pope exercises sovereignty and has absolute legislative, executive and judicial powers.

Vatican Tour: Vatican – Fact and Info

Geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 27
Area: 0.44 sq km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

Population: 826

Ethnic groups: Italians, Swiss, other

Religions: Roman Catholic

Languages: Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Capital city: Vatican City

National holiday: Election Day of Pope BENEDICT XVI, 19 April (2005)

Internet country code: .va

International Country Calling Code: 39

Currency: euro (EUR)

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